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Psychotherapy is a method of talking with a psychotherapist or professional counselor. Many forms of psychotherapy can help individuals experiencing difficulties, those who wish to make some kind of change in their personal or professional lives, or people who are suffering from depression, anxiety, or other serious mental health problems. Research has indicated that many types of psychotherapy are very effective in treating psychological distress when used alone or, in some cases, in combination with medication. Therapy can be held in one-on-one sessions, family or couple sessions, or in a group led by a trained mental health professional.
Counseling and Couples Therapy
The goal of marriage counseling is to help individuals and couples develop healthy relationships and teach them how to avoid the unnecessary pain of harmful ones. Most people strive for intimacy, and make every effort to be socially, physically, and emotionally close to others. When a couple begins marriage counseling, the therapist helps the partners identify both healthy and unhealthy relationship patterns. The goal is to help the couple gain insight into their dysfunctional patterns and alter them so that their interactions can become healthier and more satisfactory.
Family therapy includes discussion and problem-solving sessions with every member of the family. Some sessions are done as a group, in couples, or one-on-one. Family therapy is helpful when one of the family member's physical or mental health is directly affecting family dynamics or the well-being of significant relationships. In therapy, interpersonal relationships shared among family members are examined and communication is strengthened. For example, if a family member suffers from depression, the roles played by various family members in reinforcing the depression are often examined.
and Adolescent Therapy
Child psychotherapy refers to a variety of techniques and methods used to help children and adolescents who are experiencing difficulties with emotion and behavior. The trusting environment that develops during the therapy makes it easier for the child to express his/her thoughts and feelings. Although there are different types of psychotherapy, each relies on communication as the basic tool for bringing about change in a person's feelings and behaviors. One of the goals of child psychotherapy is to foster a healthier relationship between parent and child; therefore, parents are often involved in the treatment. In child and adolescent therapy, playing, drawing, building, and pretending, as well as talking, are important ways of sharing feelings and resolving problems.
Goals for therapy may be specific, such as a behavioral change or improved relations with friends or family, or more general, such as less anger, less anxiety and more self-confidence. The length of psychotherapy depends on the complexity and severity of the problem. Child and adolescent therapists are specifically trained and skilled to provide psychotherapy to this age group and their families.
Hypnosis is a state of heightened concentration and relaxation. Hypnosis and hypnotic suggestions have played a major role in healing for thousands of years. According to the World Health Organization, 90% of the general population can be hypnotized. Hypnosis is a perfectly normal state that just about everyone has experienced. What we call "highway hypnosis" is a natural hypnotic state. You drive somewhere and don't remember driving or even remember seeing the usual landmarks. You are on automatic pilot. The natural hypnotic state also exists when you become so involved in a book, TV show or some other activity that everything else is blocked out. Someone can talk to you and you don't even see or hear them. Whenever you concentrate that strongly, you automatically slip into the natural hypnotic state.
The hypnotic state, by itself, is only useful for the relaxation it produces. The real importance of hypnosis to the healing and emotional change process is that while you are in the hypnotic state, your mind is open and receptive to suggestions. Positive and healing suggestions are able to sink deeply into your mind much more quickly and strongly than when you are in a normal, awake state of mind. Research has demonstrated that while in the hypnotic state, you cannot be made to do anything against your moral values. Hypnosis is relatively safe, benign and enjoyable.
The hypnotic induction is simply a way to focus your attention and concentration so you will go into that natural, normal hypnotic state. Once in the state of hypnosis, suggestions to help you can be given. The list of ways hypnosis has been used to help children, adolescents and adults is practically endless, and includes: weight loss, smoking cessation, self-confidence building, self-esteem enhancement, improved academic performance, improved test taking ability, pain management, elimination of anxiety, fear and phobias, stress management, and sleep difficulties. Hypnotherapy is often used in conjunction with other types of psychotherapy.
In group therapy, a small group of people meets regularly to discuss individual issues and helps each other cope and deal with issues under the guidance of a trained therapist.
Psychologists use evaluation techniques which include psychological interviews, review of records, and often standardized tests when completing a psychological evaluation.
These standardized tests may include the MMPI, Wechsler Scale of Intelligence, and other accepted reliable and standardized evaluation measures. In general, only psychologists are licensed to administer these psychological tests and evaluative measures. Evaluations are often helpful to provide more diagnostic information about patients coming for treatment and are also often requested for patients applying for disability, workmen’s compensation, or involved in forensic (legal) matters.
Forensic psychological evaluations are legal evaluations sought by the defendant, the plaintiff or the court for situations such as:
·Divorce and child custody/visitation mediation.
·Expert opinion/testimony on questions of a psychological nature.
·Assessing psychological damage in accident or workmen’s compensation, and other legal cases.
·Selection and placement of police officers, security and military personnel.
·Explaining the effects of psychological conditions and illness.
·Designing and conducting treatment programs for offenders and people at risk.
·Conducting critical incident debriefing, advising on CIS management and fitness for duty evaluations.
·Consulting with managers to develop workplace safety and violence debriefing procedures.
· Determination of criminal responsibility (insanity) and competency to stand trial.
Psychiatrists, psychiatric nurse practitioners, and physicians in some other specialties are licensed to prescribe psychiatric medications as adjunctive treatment for patients in psychotherapy, or as the sole treatment, based on medical necessity, research regarding efficacy, and patient preference.
Medications are most often prescribed for those patients with depressive disorders, anxiety disorders, bipolar disorders, and psychotic disorders, but can be helpful for other types of difficulties. When medically necessary and desired, medication may be combined with psychotherapy, and for some patients this is the best approach to treatment. People with moderate-to-severe depression and /or anxiety typically do best with a combination of medication and some form of psychotherapy
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